IUPAC: 7-(2-Chlorophenyl)-4-ethyl-13-methyl-3-thia-1,8,11,12-tetraazatricyclo[8.3.0.02,6] trideca-2(6),4,7,10,12-pentaene
Molecular Formula: C17H15ClN4S
Molecular Weight: 342.07
Etizolam has been marketed under many brand names in the past, including Etilaam, Depas,Pasaden, Etizest, Sedekopan and Etizola. It is, essentially, a benzodiazepine analogue. The difference between the two molecules is that benzodiazepine’s benzene ring is missing in etizolam, having been replaced with a thiophene ring. (it is, technically, a thienodiazepine). Like benzodiazepine, etizolam exhibits hypnotic, sedatives, amnesiac, anxiolytic and muscle relaxant effects.
The (UIPAC) name of Etizolam is 1-Methyl-6-o-chlorophenyl-8-ethyl-4H-s-triazolo[3,4-c]thieno[2,3-e]1,4-diazepine with a systematic name of 4-(2-Chlorophenyl)-2-ethyl-9-methyl-6H-thieno[3,2-f][1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a][1,4]diazepine.
Etizolam powder, is absorbed quickly. Human subjects showed peak plasma levels in as little as ½ hour, lasting nearly 2 hours. Its mean elimination half life was measured at around 3 and ½ hours. This legal research chemical it is a powerful hypnotic, in the same fashion as the other rapidly absorbed benzodiazepines. Etizolam is considered a full agonist for the the benzodiazepine receptor, which is at the core of its affects. Also like the other benzodiazepines, etizolam is a non-selective agonist of many benzodiazepine receptor subtypes.
Unlike most benzodiazepines, seems to be a prolactogenic chemical, increasing levels of prolactin in the blood. It has also been investigated as a sleep aid.However is not suitable for human consumption, and is sold only for research and forensic use in a laboratory environment.